Tumbling Flow Analysis in a Four-Valve Spark Ignition Engine Using Particle Image Velocimetry

Li, Y, Zhao, H, Peng, Z and Ladosmmatos, N (2002) Tumbling Flow Analysis in a Four-Valve Spark Ignition Engine Using Particle Image Velocimetry. International Journal of Engine Research, 3 (3). pp. 139-156. ISSN 1468-0874

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Tumble motion in the cylinder of a four-valve spark ignition (SI) engine with a production-type cylinder head was studied using cross-correlation digital particle image velocimetry (PIV). The in-cylinder flow field was measured on three planes: the vertical symmetric plane of the combustion chamber, the vertical plane through centres of the intake and exhaust valves, and a horizontal plane 12 mm below the cylinder head. Ensemble-averaged mean velocity, velocity fluctuation distribution and cyclic variation of the instantaneous velocity field were analysed. Analysis results show that the tumble vortex is formed in the early stage of the compression stroke and distorted in the late stage of the compression stroke. The tumble centre is nearly in the centre of the cylinder when the tumble forms. Then it moves gradually to the underneath of the exhaust valves as the piston moves up. It is found that the cyclic variation of the tumble motion at a tumble ratio of 0.9 is so great that the ensemble-averaged flow characteristics hardly represent any individual cycle flow behaviours. Distribution of the velocity fluctuation field is inhomogeneous during the whole compression process. As the engine speed changes the large-scale flow structure seems to remain unaffected.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Depositing User: Jun Peng
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:37
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2012 09:56
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21511
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