Vortex string formation in a 3D U(1) temperature quench

Antunes, Nuno D, Bettencourt, Luís M A and Zurek, Wojciech H (1999) Vortex string formation in a 3D U(1) temperature quench. Physical Review Letters, 82 (14). 2824 -2827. ISSN 0031-9007

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We report the first large scale numerical study of the dynamics of a second order phase transition caused by a gradual decrease of temperature in a U(1) λφ4 theory in three spatial dimensions. We present a detailed account of the dynamics of the fields and focus on vortex string formation as a function of the quench rate. The results are found in good agreement with the theory of defect formation proposed by Kibble and Zurek.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:19
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 20:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20047

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