An imperfect G2M checkpoint contributes to chromosome instability following irradiation of S and G2 phase cells

Krempler, Andrea, Deckbar, Dorothee, Jeggo, Penny A and Lobrich, Markus (2007) An imperfect G2M checkpoint contributes to chromosome instability following irradiation of S and G2 phase cells. Cell Cycle, 6 (14). pp. 1682-1686. ISSN 1538-4101

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DNA double strand break (DSB) repair and checkpoint control represent two major mechanisms that function to reduce chromosomal instability following ionising irradiation (IR). Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) cells have long been known to have defective checkpoint responses. Recent studies have shown that they also have a DSB repair defect following IR raising the issue of how ATM’s repair and checkpoint functions interplay to maintain chromosomal stability. A-T and Artemis cells manifest an identical and epistatic repair defect throughout the cell cycle demonstrating that ATM’s major repair defect following IR represents Artemis-dependent end-processing. Artemis cells show efficient G2/M checkpoint induction and a prolonged arrest relative to normal cells. Following irradiation of G2 cells, this checkpoint is dependent on ATM and A-T cells fail to show checkpoint arrest. In contrast, cells irradiated during S phase initiate a G2/M checkpoint which is independent of ATM and, significantly, both Artemis and A-T cells show a prolonged arrest at the G2/M checkpoint likely reflecting their repair defect. Strikingly, the G2/M checkpoint is released before the completion of repair when approximately 10-20 DSBs remain both for S phase and G2 phase irradiated cells. This defined sensitivity level of the G2/M checkpoint explains the prolonged arrest in repair-deficient relative to normal cells and provides a conceptual framework for the co-operative phenotype between checkpoint and repair functions in maintaining chromosomal stability.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Depositing User: Gee Wheatley
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2008
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 15:47
Google Scholar:43 Citations

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