Growth processes of Italian manufacturing firms

Coad, Alex, Rao, Rekha and Tamagni, Federico (2011) Growth processes of Italian manufacturing firms. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 22 (1). pp. 54-70. ISSN 0954-349X

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This paper presents a multidimensional empirical analysis of firm growth. Exploiting census data on Italian manufacturing firms, 1989-1997, we estimate a reduced-form VAR to analyze the co-evolution of employment growth, sales growth, growth of profits and labour productivity growth. Our main findings suggest that (i) employment growth precedes sales growth; (ii) productivity growth lacks any strong association with subsequent growth of the other indicators; (iii) profits growth represents the 'absorbing dimension' of the growth processes. This picture contrasts with 'accelerator models', predicting sales are the driver of the growth process, and is also at odds with theories of firm-industry evolution assuming productivity or profits advantages to be the driver of strong market selection/reallocation mechanisms. Instead, the findings reveal the existence of (weak) Penrose and (strong) Kaldor-Verdoorn effects, and more generally convey the view that employment growth is the key driver of firm expansion, while profits, once made, are not reinvested

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Firm growth; VAR; Employment growth; Productivity growth
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Alex Coad
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2013 08:59
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2013 08:59
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