War legacies, welfare and livelihoods in rural areas: the case of Kosovo

Douarin, Elodie, Litchfield, Julie and Sabates-Wheeler, Rachel (2012) War legacies, welfare and livelihoods in rural areas: the case of Kosovo. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 63 (1). pp. 201-222. ISSN 0021-857X

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This article examines the effects of war on livelihood choices and welfare outcomes of rural households in Kosovo using the 2000 Kosovo Living Standards Measurement Survey. We analyse the extent of the legacy of war on livelihood activities and welfare. We first identify livelihood portfolio clusters of households pursuing similar combinations of activities. These clusters are comparable to those described in more qualitative studies in the immediate post-conflict period. We then examine the determinants of livelihood portfolio choice and the consequences of these for welfare outcomes. Our results provide evidence of a relationship between a household’s experience of war and livelihood choice. We also identify significant selection effects on welfare for three out of four livelihood clusters, highlighting the fact that selecting into a specific livelihood portfolio changes welfare relative to expected levels. Our results show that war not only affects livelihood choices but also changes the returns to these activities

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Household welfare;Kosovo;livelihood clusters;living standards;post-conflict;selection model
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > Economics
Depositing User: Julie Litchfield
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2013 15:01
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 15:01
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/17212
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