Defect Formation and Local Gauge Invariance

Hindmarsh, M and Rajantie, A (2000) Defect Formation and Local Gauge Invariance. Physical Review Letters, 85 (22). 4660 to 4663. ISSN 0031-9007

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We propose a new mechanism for formation of topological defects in a U(1) model with a local gauge symmetry. This mechanism leads to definite predictions, which are qualitatively different from those of the Kibble-Zurek mechanism of global theories. We confirm these predictions in numerical simulations, and they can also be tested in superconductor experiments. We believe that the mechanism generalizes to more complicated theories.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Mark Hindmarsh
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:26
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 00:21

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