Parity, Power and Representative Politics: The Elusive Pursuit of Gender Equality in Europe

Diaz, Mercedes Mateo and Millns, Susan (2004) Parity, Power and Representative Politics: The Elusive Pursuit of Gender Equality in Europe. Feminist Legal Studies, 12 (3). pp. 279-302. ISSN 0966-3622

Full text not available from this repository.


In recent years the concept of parity democracy has rapidly risen up the European political agenda. Using a threefold typology of sex-quotas, this article undertakes a classification of the measures taken by the 15 old E.U. member states to improve the gender balance in representative assemblies. This is then used as the basis for an exploration of the advantages and disadvantages of the parity approach as a tool to promote gender equality, including the constitutional obstacles which stand in its way. The article goes on to present a comparative study of several national systems in which attempts to achieve parity democracy have been pursued, concluding that, in order to maximise their effectiveness, parity measures must operate within a system of unbiased political structures and be properly adjusted to suit the particularities of individual national electoral regimes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The introduction, three fold typology of sex quotas and the conclusion were developed by the authors jointly. The comparative national study, the parts on France, the UK and Italy were initially researched and drafted by Susan Millns and the parts on Spain, Portugal and Belgium by Mercedes Mateo Diaz.
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Law
Depositing User: Susan Millns
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:21
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2012 14:25
📧 Request an update