Interdependent interactions between TFIIB, TATA binding protein, and DNA.

Buratowski, Robin M, Downs, Jessica and Buratowski, Stephen (2002) Interdependent interactions between TFIIB, TATA binding protein, and DNA. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 22 (24). pp. 8735-8743. ISSN 0270-7306

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Temperature-sensitive mutants of TFIIB that are defective for essential interactions were isolated. One mutation (G204D) results in disruption of a protein-protein contact between TFIIB and TATA binding protein (TBP), while the other (K272I) disrupts an interaction between TFIIB and DNA. The TBP gene was mutagenized, and alleles that suppress the slow-growth phenotypes of the TFIIB mutants were isolated. TFIIB with the G204D mutation [TFIIB(G204D)] was suppressed by hydrophobic substitutions at lysine 239 of TBP. These changes led to increased affinity between TBP and TFIIB. TFIIB(K272I) was weakly suppressed by TBP mutants in which K239 was changed to hydrophobic residues. However, this mutant TFIIB was strongly suppressed by conservative substitutions in the DNA binding surface of TBP. Biochemical characterization showed that these TBP mutants had increased affinity for a TATA element. The TBPs with increased affinity could not suppress TFIIB(G204D), leading us to propose a two-step model for the interaction between TFIIB and the TBP-DNA complex.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: More than half of the figures were generated by me, and I had a great deal of input into both the dirrection and the interpretation of the project.
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Depositing User: Jessica Downs
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:15
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 01:16

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