Large-Eddy Simulation of Buoyancy-driven Natural Ventilation in an Enclosure with a Point Heat Source

Abdalla, Ibrahim E, Cook, Malcolm J, Rees, Simon J and Yang, Zhiyin (2007) Large-Eddy Simulation of Buoyancy-driven Natural Ventilation in an Enclosure with a Point Heat Source. International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics, 21 (5). pp. 231-245. ISSN 1061-8562

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Rising buoyant plumes from a point heat source in a naturally ventilated enclosure have been investigated using large-eddy simulation (LES). The aim of the work is to assess the performance and the accuracy of LES for modelling buoyancy-driven displacement ventilation of an enclosure and to shed more light on the transitional behaviour of the plume and the coherent structures involved. The Smagorinsky sub-grid scale model is used for the unresolved small-scale turbulence. The Rayleigh number, Ra is chosen to be in the range where spatial transition from laminar to turbulent flow takes place (Ra = 1.5 109). The plume properties (source strength and rate of spread) as well as the ventilation properties (stratification height and temperature of stratified layer) estimated using the theory of Linden et al. are found to agree reasonably well with the LES results. The variation of the plume width with height indicates a linear variation of the entrainment coefficient rather than a constant value used by Linden et al. for a fully turbulent thermal plume. Flow visualisation revealed the nature of the large-scale coherent structures involved in the transition to turbulence in the plume. The most excited modes observed in the velocity, pressure and temperature fields spectra correspond to Strouhal number in the range 0.3 St 0.55 which is in agreement with those observed by Zhou et al. for a turbulent forced plume. Excited modes less than thisvalue (St = 0.2) were observed and may be due to low-frequency motions felt throughout the flow.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Depositing User: Zhiyin Yang
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:10
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2012 10:51
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