Beyond self-esteem: Influence of multiple motives on identity construction.

Vignoles, Vivian L, Regalia, Camillo, Manzi, Claudia, Golledge, Jen and Scabini, Eugenia (2006) Beyond self-esteem: Influence of multiple motives on identity construction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90 (2). pp. 308-333. ISSN 0022-3514

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Diverse theories suggest that people are motivated to maintain or enhance feelings of self-esteem, continuity, distinctiveness, belonging, efficacy and meaning in their identities. Four studies tested the influence of these motives on identity construction, using a multilevel regression design. Participants perceived as more central those identity elements which provided a greater sense of self-esteem, continuity, distinctiveness and meaning; this was found for individual, relational and group levels of identity, among various populations, and using a prospective design. Motives for belonging and efficacy influenced identity definition indirectly through their direct influences on identity enactment and through their contributions to self-esteem. Participants were happiest about those identity elements which best satisfied motives for self-esteem and efficacy. These findings point to the need for an integrated theory of identity motivation.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Vivian Vignoles
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:52
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 13:24
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