Attention and expectation in human predictive learning: The role of uncertainty

Hogarth, Lee, Dickinson, Anthony, Alison, Alison, Brown, Craig and Duka, Theodora (2008) Attention and expectation in human predictive learning: The role of uncertainty. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61 (11). pp. 1658-1668. ISSN 1747-0218

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Three localized, visual pattern stimuli were trained as predictive signals of auditory outcomes. One signal partially predicted an aversive noise in Experiment 1 and a neutral tone in Experiment 2, whereas the other signals consistently predicted either the occurrence or absence of the noise. The expectation of the noise was measured during each signal presentation, and only participants for whom this expectation demonstrated contingency knowledge showed differential attention to the signals. Importantly, when attention was measured by visual fixations, the contingency-aware group attended more to the partially predictive signal than to the consistent predictors in both experiments. This profile of visual attention supports the Pearce and Hall (1980) theory of the role of attention in associative learning.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Dora Duka
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:49
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2012 15:28
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