Cross-modal individual recognition in domestic horses(Equus caballus)

Proops, Leanne, McComb, Karen and Reby, David (2009) Cross-modal individual recognition in domestic horses(Equus caballus). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 106 (3). pp. 947-951. ISSN 1091-6490

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Individual recognition is considered a complex process and, although it is believed to be widespread across animal taxa, the cognitive mechanisms underlying this ability are poorly understood. An essential feature of individual recognition in humans is that it is cross-modal, allowing the matching of current sensory cues to identity with stored information about that specific individual from other modalities. Here, we use a cross-modal expectancy violation paradigm to provide a clear and systematic demonstration of cross-modal individual recognition in a nonhuman animal: the domestic horse. Subjects watched a herd member being led past them before the individual went of view, and a call from that or a different associate was played from a loudspeaker positioned close to the point of disappearance. When horses were shown one associate and then the call of a different associate was played, they responded more quickly and looked significantly longer in the direction of the call than when the call matched the herd member just seen, an indication that the incongruent combination violated their expectations. Thus, horses appear to possess a cross-modal representation of known individuals containing unique auditory and visual/olfactory information. Our paradigm could provide a powerful way to study individual recognition across a wide range of species.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: animal cognition vocal communication social behavior playback experiment expectancy violation
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Leanne Proops
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 15:42
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2014 08:48
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