Lapses in the person radar: ADHD symptoms predict difficulty in interpersonal distancing

Forster, Sophie and Brown, Chris R H (2022) Lapses in the person radar: ADHD symptoms predict difficulty in interpersonal distancing. Journal of Attention Disorders. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1087-0547

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Across contexts, from social cognition to the COVID-19 pandemic response, individual variation in the regulation of interpersonal distance has typically been viewed as a voluntary choice. Here we examine the frequency of unintentional lapses in interpersonal distancing, and their relationship with childhood ADHD symptoms.

We administered a novel measure of difficulty in interpersonal distancing across 3 undergraduate samples (total N = 1,225), in addition to measures of recalled childhood ADHD symptoms, mind wandering and hyperfocus.

Almost all (>97%) participants reported unintentional lapses in maintaining interpersonal distance, with 16% experiencing such lapses frequently. Thirty percent of the variance in these reports was accounted for by attentional traits: Inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive ADHD symptoms jointly predicted difficulties with interpersonal distancing, with the former relationship fully mediated by hyperfocus and spontaneous mind wandering.

Both inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive ADHD symptoms confer vulnerability to frequent unintentional lapses in interpersonal distancing.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ADHD, Covid-19, hyper-focus, interpersonal distancing, mind wandering
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2023 11:34
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 09:45

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