[Abstract] The use of virtual three‐dimensional anatomy software in teaching ophthalmology

Scantling‐Birch, Yarrow, Naveed, Hasan Naveed, Okorie, Michael and Rajak, Saul (2022) [Abstract] The use of virtual three‐dimensional anatomy software in teaching ophthalmology. In: 2021 European Association for Vision and Eye Research Festival, September 27 – October 2, 2021, Virtual.

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Medical education is changing at both the undergraduate and postgraduate level. There are less hours dedicated to the basic sciences, especially anatomy. These changes threaten to marginalise ophthalmology education, which relies heavily on basic science knowledge for clinical application. Technology-enhanced learning (TEL) can assist in the efficient knowledge transfer of basic ophthalmic knowledge. Our study scoped the literature and evaluated the use of a three-dimensional (3D) virtual anatomy software to learn clinical and surgically relevant ocular anatomy at the undergraduate level.

A literature search was conducted of the following databases: Embase, Medline and Cochrane Library. A national, cross-sectional study was conducted via webinar teaching with 36 undergraduate medical students. A 60-min lesson was used to teach ocular anatomy using a blended learning approach with novel virtual anatomy software (BioDigital, USA) and a didactic Powerpoint (Microsoft, USA) lecture. Anatomical knowledge gain was measured using validated multiple-choice questions and a surgical video quiz. Student perceptions using questionnaires were measured before and after the online teaching session.

The literature showed a paucity of studies validating 3D virtual anatomy software in ophthalmology education. Software identified in the search included BioDigital, Essential Anatomy, Complete Anatomy and Visible Body. A significant improvement in mean knowledge gain was observed for both clinical and surgical quizzes after the use of BioDigital (17.9%, p < 0.0001). Significant confidence gain with respect to ocular anatomy was observed after the blended teaching session (40%, p < 0.0001). 100% of students enjoyed and agreed that 3D virtual anatomy software is an effective method of teaching ocular anatomy. 70% stated they will integrate digital anatomy software with their future ophthalmology learning, and 60% agreed the software could replace traditional teaching methods.

The declining importance given to ophthalmology teaching sets the tone for ophthalmic knowledge amongst graduating doctors and specialist trainees. TEL using 3D virtual anatomy software is an innovative, time-efficient and student-friendly teaching adjunct for ocular anatomy.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Keywords: Clinical Research, Eye Disease and Disorders of Vision
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2022 18:03
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 18:05
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/109008
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