Nonlinear cortical encoding of color predicts enhanced McCollough effects in anomalous trichromats

Robinson, Alan E, Bosten, Jenny and MacLeod, Donald I A (2023) Nonlinear cortical encoding of color predicts enhanced McCollough effects in anomalous trichromats. Vision Research, 203. a108153 1. ISSN 0042-6989

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Nonlinear encoding of chromatic contrast by the early visual cortex predicts that anomalous trichromats will show a larger McCollough effect than normal trichromats. In Experiment 1 we employed the McCollough effect to probe the cortical representation of saturation in normal trichromats, and used the results to predict enhanced McCollough effects for anomalous trichromats, which we measured in Experiment 2. In Experiment 1 three participants adapted to red and green orthogonal gratings of four different saturations. Using nulling to measure aftereffect strength we found that halving the saturation of the inducing gratings decreased aftereffect strength only slightly, consistent with a compressive coding of saturation in early visual cortex. In anomalous trichromats, cone contrasts between red and green are greatly decreased from those of normal trichromats, but induced aftereffects are only slightly decreased, because of the non-linearity in the cortical encoding of saturation. To null the aftereffect, however, the retinal color deficiency must be overcome by adding more color to the null than required by normal trichromats. We confirmed this prediction in Experiment 2 where four anomalous trichromats required nulling stimuli approximately four times more saturated than did normal trichromats. We consider two competing models to explain our results: in a ‘pigment swap’ model anomalous trichromats have an altered photopigment but process color postreceptorally in the same way as normal trichromats, in a ‘postreceptoral compensation’ model the cortical representation of red-green contrasts is amplified to compensate for reduced cone contrasts. The latter provided a better fit to our data.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anomalous trichromacy, Color vision, Adaption, Aftereffect, McCollough effect, Postreceptoral compensation
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2022 16:48
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2023 10:15

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