Self-emergence of robust solitons in a microcavity

Rowley, Maxwell, Hanzard, Pierre-Henry, Cutrona, Antonio, Bao, Hualong, Chu, Sai T, Little, Brent E, Morandotti, Roberto, Moss, David J, Oppo, Gian-Luca, Totero Gongora, Juan S, Peccianti, Marco and Pasquazi, Alessia (2022) Self-emergence of robust solitons in a microcavity. Nature, 608. pp. 303-309. ISSN 0028-0836

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In many disciplines, states that emerge in open systems far from equilibrium are determined by a few global parameters1,2. These states can often mimic thermodynamic equilibrium, a classic example being the oscillation threshold of a laser3 that resembles a phase transition in condensed matter. However, many classes of states cannot form spontaneously in dissipative systems, and this is the case for cavity solitons2 that generally need to be induced by external perturbations, as in the case of optical memories4,5. In the past decade, these highly localized states have enabled important advancements in microresonator-based optical frequency combs6,7. However, the very advantages that make cavity solitons attractive for memories—their inability to form spontaneously from noise—have created fundamental challenges. As sources, microcombs require spontaneous and reliable initiation into a desired state that is intrinsically robust8–20. Here we show that the slow non-linearities of a free-running microresonator-filtered fibre laser21 can transform temporal cavity solitons into the system’s dominant attractor. This phenomenon leads to reliable self-starting oscillation of microcavity solitons that are naturally robust to perturbations, recovering spontaneously even after complete disruption. These emerge repeatably and controllably into a large region of the global system parameter space in which specific states, highly stable over long timeframes, can be achieved.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2022 12:34
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 12:45

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