Effects of motor learning interventions on walking performance and physical function in older adults with cognitive impairment and dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Shafizadeh, Mohsen, Farina, Nicolas and Parvinpour, Shahab (2022) Effects of motor learning interventions on walking performance and physical function in older adults with cognitive impairment and dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1063-8652

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Download (1MB)

Abstract

Older adults with cognitive impairment have deficits in executive systems that affect their gait automaticity. The aim of the meta-analysis and systematic review was to examine the effects of gait interventions focus on only motor learning principles on gait performance and physical functions (e.g, dynamic balance). We used the PRISMA checklist and guidelines to review the studies. After inspections of 879 articles, 11 relevant studies were selected for systematic review and meta-analysis. The PEDro scale and Modified Downs and Black checklist were used to assess the quality of studies and a random-effect model was used at a 95% confidence interval for calculating pooled effect sizes. The results of this systematic review and meta-analysis showed motor learning interventions increased gait speed, cadence, stride length, and reduced gait cognitive cost but did not affect gait variability and physical function. In conclusion, practitioners should pay attention more to the potential benefits of motor learning interventions in rehabilitating older adults with cognitive impairment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2021-0442. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Neuroscience
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2022 10:32
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2022 14:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/106930

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update