The role of the tumour microenvironment in colorectal cancer and the potential therapeutic approaches

Ferns, Gordon, Zafari, Narges, Khosravi, Fatemeh, Razaee, Zahra, Esfandyari, Sahar, Bahiraei, Mohamad, Bahramy, Afshin and Avan, Amir (2022) The role of the tumour microenvironment in colorectal cancer and the potential therapeutic approaches. Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Analysis. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0887-8013

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Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) with a high prevalence is recognized as the fourth most common cause of cancer related death globally. Over the past decade, there has been growing interest in the network of tumor cells, stromal cells, immune cells, blood vessel cells, and fibroblasts that comprise the tumor microenvironment (TME) to identify new therapeutic interventions. TME as a result of the crosstalk between these cells may result in either advantages or disadvantages in tumor development and metastasis, affecting the signals and responses from the surrounding cells. Whilst chemotherapy has led to an improvement in CRC patients’ survival, the metastatic aspect of the disease remains difficult to avoid. Therefore, the present review emphasizes the structure and function of the TME, alterations in the TME, its role in the incidence and progression of CRC, the effects on tumor development and metastasis, and also the potential of its alterations as therapeutic targets. It should be noted that providing novel studies in this field of research might help us to achieve practical therapeutic strategies based on their interaction.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2022 12:46
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 13:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/106743

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