COVID-19 health information needs of older adults from ethnic minority groups in the UK: a qualitative study

Paudyal, Priyamvada, Skinner, Emily, Majeed-Hajaj, Saliha, Hughes, Laura J, Magar, Naresh Khapangi, Keeling, Debbie Isobel, Armes, Jo, Kulasabanathan, Kavian, Ford, Elizabeth, Sharp, Rebecca and Cassell, Jackie A (2022) COVID-19 health information needs of older adults from ethnic minority groups in the UK: a qualitative study. BMJ Open, 12. e059844-e059844. ISSN 2044-6055

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Abstract

Objective
This study aimed to identify the COVID- 19 health information needs of older adults from ethnic minority groups in the UK. Study design A qualitative study using semistructured interviews.

Setting and participants
Indian and Nepalese older adults (≥65 years), their families (≥18 years) and healthcare professionals (HCPs) (≥18 years) engaging with these communities. Participants were recruited between July and December 2020 from Kent, Surrey and Sussex through community organisations.

Results
24 participants took part in the study; 13 older adults, 7 family members and 4 HCPs. Thirteen participants were female, and the majority (n=17) spoke a language other than English at home. Older participants mostly lived in multigenerational households, and family and community were key for providing support and communicating about healthcare needs. Participants’ knowledge of COVID- 19 varied widely; some spoke confidently about the subject, while others had limited information. Language and illiteracy were key barriers to accessing health information. Participants highlighted the need for information in multiple formats and languages, and discussed the importance of culturally appropriate avenues, such as community centres and religious sites, for information dissemination.

Conclusion
This study, undertaken during the COVID- 19 pandemic, provides insight into how health information can be optimised for ethnic minority older adults in terms of content, format and cultural relevance. The study highlights that health information interventions should recognise the intersection between multigenerational living, family structure, and the health and well- being of older adults, and should promote intergenerational discussion.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2022 17:01
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 07:02
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/106565

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