Gender social roles: a cross-cultural comparison

Naz, Fauzia, De Visser, Richard O and Mushtaq, Mamoona (2022) Gender social roles: a cross-cultural comparison. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 32 (2). pp. 189-200. ISSN 1091-1359

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Social role beliefs are important to study as they shape individual’s pattern of thinking about their roles as categorized gender-specific or egalitarian in society. The present study investigated cross-cultural variations in individualistic versus collectivist cultures as well as underlying dimensions of the Social Roles Questionnaire using two independent samples of students (N = 1111). From United Kingdom, 108 men (M age = 23.98, SD = 7.66) and 247 women (M age = 22.40, SD = 6.15) and from Pakistan, 552 men (M age = 23.90, SD = 3.27) and 204 women (M age = 23.96, SD = 5.43) were conveniently sampled. Cross-cultural variations and underlying dimensions of the scale were investigated by establishing measurement invariance through a series of hierarchically nested confirmatory factor analyses models by increasing levels of cross-group equality constraints. Results confirmed original two factor model i.e., gender-transcendent (α =.82) and gender-linked (α =.96) with strong Cronbach’s alphas. Measurement invariance results showed invariance on gender-transcendent (Δχ2 = 5.68(6), p > 0.05) whereas non-invariance for measurement (Δχ2 = 49.68(13), p < 0.01) as well as structural models (Δχ2 = 50.19(14), p < 0.01) related to gender-linked. The results were supported by significantly lower latent mean analysis of the UK students than those of the Pakistani students on gender-linked but there was no significant difference on gender-transcendent.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an original manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment on 4th June 2021, available at:
Keywords: The Social Roles Questionnaire, measurement invariance, UK and Pakistani young adults, optimization technique, symbiotic organisms search algorithm, makespan, metaheuristic, scheduling
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2022 20:30
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2022 16:32

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