Racial injustice and Philippe Van Parijs' distributive justice basis for the universal basic income: introducing the filtered leximinning of modified real freedom theory of distributive justice.

Nwogbo, Johnbosco Okey (2022) Racial injustice and Philippe Van Parijs' distributive justice basis for the universal basic income: introducing the filtered leximinning of modified real freedom theory of distributive justice. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

In this thesis, I argue that Van Parijs’ theory of distributive justice, which grounds his basic income offer, is blind to racial inequality, and therefore to racial injustice. I revise his theory to make it insusceptible to charges of blindness to racial injustice as well as suitable for grounding a basic income that can help eliminate racial inequality. According to Van Parijs’ theory, people’s freedom should not only incorporate the absence of hindrance in doing what they might want to do. It should also include their real access to the opportunities to do what people might want to do, hence he defines freedom as critically including a principle of the leximinning of real freedom, or more precisely, of opportunities. On the principle of leximinning opportunities, one society is more just than an alternative if the least well-off people in that society are better off in terms of opportunities than the least well-off people in the alternative, and if both groups are equally well off the groups above them are compared, and so on until a better off comparable group is found. I argue that on this account, a leximin chooser would be unable to consider a racially equal society as more just than a racially unequal society. That is, Van Parijs’ theory is blind to racial injustice. To deal with this, I argue for racially sensitive versions of leximin and real freedom and suggest that the theory that emerges will ground a basic income offer that can help eliminate or at least reduce racial injustice.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Media, Arts and Humanities > Philosophy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic theory. Demography > HB0522 Income. Factor shares
J Political Science > JC Political theory. The state. Theories of the state > JC501 Purpose, functions, and relations of the state > JC0571 State and the individual. Human rights. Civil rights > JC0578 Justice. Equality before the law
J Political Science > JC Political theory. The state. Theories of the state > JC501 Purpose, functions, and relations of the state > JC0585 Rights of the individual. General works
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2022 10:39
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2022 10:39
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/106471

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