Multi-ancestry genome-wide association study of asthma exacerbations

Herrera-Luis, Esther, Ortega, Victor E, Ampleford, Elizabeth J, Sio, Yang Yie, Granell, Raquel, de Roos, Emmely, Terzikhan, Natalie, Vergara, Ernesto Elorduy, Hernandez-Pacheco, Natalia, Perez-Garcia, Javier, Martin-Gonzalez, Elena, Lorenzo-Diaz, Fabian, Mukhopadhyay, Somnath, U-BIOPRED Study Group, and others, (2022) Multi-ancestry genome-wide association study of asthma exacerbations. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 33 (6). pp. 1-17. ISSN 0905-6157

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Background: Asthma exacerbations are a serious public health concern due to high health care resource utilization, work/school productivity loss, impact on quality of life, and risk of mortality. The genetic basis of asthma exacerbations has been studied in several populations, but no prior study has performed a multi-ancestry meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (meta- GWAS) for this trait. We aimed to identify common genetic loci associated with asthma exacerbations across diverse populations and to assess their functional role in regulating DNA methylation and gene expression.

Methods: A meta-GWAS of asthma exacerbations in 4,989 Europeans, 2,181 Hispanics/Latinos, 1,250 Singaporean Chinese, and 972 African Americans analyzed 9.6 million genetic variants. Suggestively associated variants (p≤5x10-5) were assessed for replication in 36,477 European and 1,078 non-European asthma patients. Functional effects on DNA methylation were assessed in 595 Hispanic/Latino and African American asthma patients and in publicly available databases. The effect on gene expression was evaluated in silico.

Results: 126 independent variants were suggestively associated with asthma exacerbations in the discovery phase. Two variants independently replicated: rs12091010 located at vascular cell adhesion molecule-1/exostosin like glycosyltransferase-2 (VCAM1/EXTL2) (discovery: odds ratio (ORT allele) =0.82, p=9.05x10-6 and replication: ORT allele=0.89, p=5.35x10-3) and rs943126 from pantothenate kinase1 (PANK1) (discovery: ORC allele=0.85, p=3.10x10-5 and replication: ORC allele=0.89, p=1.30x10-2). Both variants regulate gene expression of genes where they locate and DNA methylation levels of nearby genes in whole blood.

Conclusions: This multi-ancestry study revealed novel suggestive regulatory loci for asthma exacerbations located in genomic regions participating in inflammation and host defense.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical and Experimental Medicine
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2022 15:11
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 15:45

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