When it’s the slaves that pay: in search of a fair due diligence cost distribution in conflict mineral supply chains

Schleper, Martin C, Blome, Constantin, Stevenson, Mark, Thürer, Matthias and Tusell, Iu (2022) When it’s the slaves that pay: in search of a fair due diligence cost distribution in conflict mineral supply chains. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 164. p. 102801. ISSN 1366-5545

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Abstract

Modern slavery and conflict minerals are often treated as two separate grand challenges governed by different legislation, yet conflict mineral settings commonly involve and inflict slavery in supply chains – hence these two wicked problems are deeply interconnected. This paper focuses on due diligence in the context of conflict mineral supply chains, and in doing so provides important insights for modern slavery in general. Using more than 38 hours of recordings from exploratory interviews with 46 experts from 43 organizations, our study investigates: a) how due diligence costs and benefits are actually distributed in supply chains in practice; and b) the means through which due diligence costs and benefits can be (more appropriately) shared. We find that there is a lack of contextualization of cost-sharing mechanisms to conflict mineral supply chains, with most mechanisms being imported from the standard business literature where the producer must pay the production costs before reaping the benefits that offset these costs. But in conflict mineral supply chains, these benefits often do not materialize for the producer and, consequently, cost-sharing mechanisms lead to unintended consequences. The findings question the usefulness of due diligence, call for alternative financing mechanisms, and for contextualized solutions designed from the bottom up. This in turn has important implications for enhancing legislation on modern slavery.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Modern Slavery, Supply Chain Due Diligence, Conflict Minerals, Cost Sharing, Corporate Social Responsibility, Unintended Consequences
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > Management
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2022 06:44
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2022 15:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/106308

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