Blockchain based secure message dissemination in vehicular networks

Ayaz, Ferheen (2022) Blockchain based secure message dissemination in vehicular networks. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) are one of the key elements in Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) to enable information exchange among vehicles and Roadside Units (RSUs) via vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to- nfrastructure (V2I) communications. With continuously increasing number of vehicles on road, there are numerous security and privacy challenges associated with VANETs. Communication among vehicles is needed to be secure and bandwidth efficient. Also, the messages exchanged between vehicles must be authentic so as to maintain a trusted network in a privacy-preserving manner. Furthermore, a sustainable economic model is required to incentivise honest and cooperative vehicles. Traditional security and privacy solutions in centralised networks are not applicable to VANETs due to its distributed nature, heterogeneity, high mobility and low latency requirements. Meanwhile, the new development of blockchain has been attracting significant interests due to its key features including consensus to evaluate message credibility and immutable storage in distributed ledger, which provides an alternative solution to the security and privacy challenges in VANETs.

This thesis aims to present blockchain solutions for the security and privacy of VANETs meeting the stringent requirements of low latency and bandwidth-efficient message dissemination. VANETs are simulated in OMNeT++ to validate the proposed solutions. Specifically, two novel blockchain consensus algorithms have been developed for message authentication and relay selection in presence of malicious vehicles. The first employs a voting based message validation and relay selection, which reduces the failure rate in message validation by 11% as compared to reputation based consensus. The second utilises federated learning supported by blockchain as a better privacy-preserving solution, which is 65.2% faster than the first voting based solution. Both approaches include blockchain-based incentive mechanisms and game theory analysis to observe strategic behaviour of honest and malicious vehicles. To further study the privacy aspect of vehicular networks, the integration of blockchain with physical layer security is also theoretically analysed in Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communications scenarios. The integration results in 8.2 Mbps increased goodput as compared to the blockchain solution alone.

In essence, our research work shows that blockchain can offer better control and security, as compared to centralised solutions, if properly adjusted according to the application and network requirements. Thus, the proposed solutions can provide guidelines for practically feasible application of blockchain in vehicular networks.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK5101 Telecommunication > TK5103.2 Wireless communication systems. Mobile communication systems
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 05 May 2022 08:57
Last Modified: 05 May 2022 09:04

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