PDGF-R inhibition induces glioblastoma cell differentiation via DUSP1/p38MAPK signalling

Lane, Rosemary, Cilibrasi, Chiara, Chen, Jianing, Shah, Kalpit, Messuti, Eleonora, Mazarakis, Nektarios K, Stebbing, Justin, Critchley, Giles, Song, Erwei, Simon, Thomas and Giamas, Georgios (2022) PDGF-R inhibition induces glioblastoma cell differentiation via DUSP1/p38MAPK signalling. Oncogene. pp. 1-15. ISSN 0950-9232

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Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and fatal primary brain tumour in adults. Considering that resistance to current therapies leads to limited response in patients, new therapeutic options are urgently needed. In recent years, differentiation therapy has been proposed as an alternative for GBM treatment, with the aim of bringing cancer cells into a post-mitotic/differentiated state, ultimately limiting tumour growth. As an integral component of cancer development and regulation of differentiation processes, kinases are potential targets of differentiation therapies. The present study describes how the screening of a panel of kinase inhibitors (KIs) identified PDGF-Rα/β inhibitor CP-673451 as a potential differentiation agent in GBM. We show that targeting PDGF-Rα/β with CP-673451 in vitro triggers outgrowth of neurite-like processes in GBM cell lines and GBM stem cells (GSCs), suggesting differentiation into neural-like cells, while reducing proliferation and invasion in 3D hyaluronic acid hydrogels. In addition, we report that treatment with CP-673451 improves the anti-tumour effects of temozolomide in vivo using a subcutaneous xenograft mouse model. RNA sequencing and follow-up proteomic analysis revealed that upregulation of phosphatase DUSP1 and consecutive downregulation of phosphorylated-p38MAPK can underlie the pro-differentiation effect of CP-673451 on GBM cells. Overall, the present study identifies a potential novel therapeutic option that could benefit GBM patients in the future, through differentiation of residual GSCs post-surgery, with the aim to limit recurrence and improve quality of life.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2022 07:48
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2022 08:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/105298

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