The utility and safety of paediatric endoscopy in a district general hospital in Southeast England

Shrestha, Sudeep, Gowda, Rohit, Race, Hermione, Khan, Shehriyar and Bhaduri, Bim (2022) The utility and safety of paediatric endoscopy in a district general hospital in Southeast England. European Journal of Pediatrics. ISSN 0340-6199

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Abstract

This study was done to evaluate the appropriateness, diagnostic yield, and quality of paediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy in a large DGH with tertiary paediatric gastroenterology services. It was a retrospective cohort study of children who had at least one gastrointestinal endoscopy during 31 months (May 2018-Dec 2020) in a district general hospital in Southeast England. The participants were children (2–17 years). Two hundred ninety-three procedures were performed in total, 80% were diagnostic and 20% for surveillance. The median age was 12 years and 52.5% were males. Oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (OGD) corresponded to 79.5% of procedures, ileo-colonoscopy (IC) to 7.2% and the remaining had both procedures. The main diagnostic indication was persistent abdominal pain in 33.5% of cases, followed by suspected GORD (14.8%), recurrent vomiting (14.3%), dysphagia (9.1%) and blood loss per rectum (8.6%). A total of 64.7% showed abnormal macroscopic findings, and 69.2% showed histopathological signs of disease. The most common histological diagnosis was gastritis in 23% followed by coeliac disease in 13%, reflux oesophagitis in 12.2% and inflammatory bowel disease in 9.6%. Procedures were performed with utmost safety with two reported cases of complications, which were appropriately managed. The completion rate of diagnostic IC was 87%. A waiting time of 6 weeks was achieved in 50.4% of cases.

Conclusion: Paediatric endoscopy can be safely performed in a district general hospital with the right setup and can aid in the management of gastrointestinal disease in the paediatric patient. It is important to monitor and regularly audit such practices to improve the quality of specialist services.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2022 07:22
Last Modified: 30 May 2022 10:43
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/105295
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