Self-affirmation and image/performance enhancing drug use in recreational exercise

Barkoukis, Vassilis, Harris, Peter R, Rowe, Richard and Lazuras, Lambros (2022) Self-affirmation and image/performance enhancing drug use in recreational exercise. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. ISSN 0270-1367

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Abstract

Objectives: The use of image and performance enhancement drugs (IPEDs) in recreational sport represents an emerging public health and societal problem. The present study investigated whether self-affirmation changed exercisers’ intentions to use IPEDs, via the effects of mental construal and message acceptance. Method: Sixty-eight exercisers who self-reported IPEDs use participated in the study and were randomly assigned to either a self-affirmation or a control group. All participants read a health-related message about the 10 consequences of IPEDs and subsequently completed a survey measuring message acceptance, mental construal, doping intentions and IPEDs-related social cognitive variables. Results: There were no significant differences between the self-affirmed and the control groups. Hierarchical linear regression analysis further showed that message acceptance, subjective norms, and situational temptation were significantly associated with intentions to use IPEDs. Conclusion: Our findings raise the possibility that for recreational exercisers IPED’s use is seen mostly as a health-related matter than a socio-moral transgression.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: IPEDs, exercise, recreational sport, self-affirmation, mental construal, message acceptance
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2022 13:40
Last Modified: 16 May 2022 10:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/104796

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