Deliberative-analytic approaches to Ecosystem Services as a way forward for the land sparing/sharing debate

Durrant, Rachael and Ely, Adrian (2022) Deliberative-analytic approaches to Ecosystem Services as a way forward for the land sparing/sharing debate. Land Use Policy, 116. a106061 1-12. ISSN 0264-8377

[img] PDF (Main) - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB)
[img] PDF (Graphical abstract) - Other
Download (143kB)
[img] PDF (Briefing booklet) - Other
Download (3MB)


Growing concerns about the impacts of food systems have led to fierce debate over the pros and cons of different modes of production. In parallel, conservationists have debated “land-sparing” versus “land-sharing” as competing rationales for a land use policy that aims to halt biodiversity loss. As a contribution to these debates, we share research conducted in the South-East of England where contrasting practices for managing land and livestock coexist in close proximity and approximate a land -sparing versus -sharing gradient. The research used an Ecosystem Services (ES) framework to explore the social, ecological and health outcomes of these practices, as understood from different perspectives. In this paper we analyse and interpret both qualitative and quantitative data generated through a participatory deliberative appraisal exercise that formed part of the research. Despite demonstrating the relevance of ES for appraising land use and management practices, we uncover a lack of sensitivity of conventional ES frameworks to the specific concerns, priorities and ambiguities of agroecological practices; an inability to encompass multiple scales and localities; limitations to incorporating site-specific considerations; and a polarising effect on the perspectives of conservationists and farmers. We conclude by offering an approach that may help to bridge between divergent perspectives and engage both on their own terms.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Agroecology, Rewilding, Conservation Grazing, Environmental Land Management Scheme (ELMS), Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA), Multi-Criteria Mapping (MCM)
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2022 08:27
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2023 02:00

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update