A arte da eletrometalurgia: «Uma multitude de objetos simulados e substitutos perfeitos»

Grant, Alistair (2021) A arte da eletrometalurgia: «Uma multitude de objetos simulados e substitutos perfeitos». In: Sousa, Ana and das Neves Afonso, André (eds.) «Tão Uteis Como Os Originaes» A Coleção de Galvanoplastias do MNAA. Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, Lisboa, pp. 30-53. ISBN 9789729258435

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Abstract

O desenvolvimento da arte da eletrometalurgia durante a década de 1840 resultou numa mudança de paradigma na química física, na ciência dos materiais e nos processos de fabrico que moldaram a Revolução Industrial no início da era vitoriana na Grã-Bretanha,
o que foi possível devido à publicação da investigação experimental de Michael Faraday (1791-1867) sobre a decomposição eletroquímica, em janeiro de 1834 (Faraday, 1834). A nova teoria estava «tão em desacordo com as previamente apresentadas» que Faraday teve grandes dificuldades em explicar as evidências presentes nas suas observações devido às limitações de linguagem e à inadequação da terminologia existente. Com a ajuda do
Dr. William Whewell (1794-1866), polímata e historiador de ciência, Faraday teve de cunhar vários neologismos – eletrólise, eletrólito, elétrodo, ânodo e cátodo – para descrever as suas investigações
experimentais em eletricidade.

Item Type: Book Section
Schools and Departments: School of History, Art History and Philosophy > Art History
Subjects: N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR > N0061 Theory. Philosophy. Aesthetics of the visual arts
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR > N0400 Art museums, galleries, etc.
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR > N5198 Private collections and collectors
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR > N8554 Examination and conservation of works of art
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR > N8600 Economics of art
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR > N8700 Art and the state. Public art
N Fine Arts > NB Sculpture > NB0060 History including collective biography
N Fine Arts > NB Sculpture > NB1160 Designs and technique
N Fine Arts > NB Sculpture > NB1199 Restoration of sculptures
N Fine Arts > NB Sculpture > NB1203 Special materials
N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts
N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts > NK1160 Decoration and ornament. Design
N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts > NK3600 Other arts and art industries > NK6400 Metalwork
N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts > NK3600 Other arts and art industries > NK6400 Metalwork > NK7100 Gold and silver. Plate. Jewelry
N Fine Arts > NX Arts in general > NX0700 Patronage of the arts
N Fine Arts > NX Arts in general > NX0760 Administration of the arts
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T0061 Technical education. Technical schools
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T0173.2 Technological change
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T0175 Industrial research. Research and development
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T0391 Exhibitions. Trade shows. World's fairs
T Technology > T Technology (General) > T0201 Patents. Trademarks
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS0200 Metal manufactures. Metalworking
T Technology > TT Handicrafts Arts and crafts > TT0205 Metalworking
Depositing User: Alistair Grant
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2022 14:15
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 13:04
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/103956

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