Beyond rentier state and climate conflict: clashing environmental imaginaries and ecological oppression in Iran

Najdi Samiee, Maziar (2022) Beyond rentier state and climate conflict: clashing environmental imaginaries and ecological oppression in Iran. In: Brock, Andrea and Dunlap, Alexander (eds.) Enforcing Ecocide: Power, Policing & Planetary Militarization. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, pp. 61-87. ISBN 9783030996451

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Abstract

Politics of nature in the Middle East is largely discussed in two frameworks of ‘rentier state’ and ‘climate conflict’ that respectively seek to capture political economy and security aspects of the matter. Despite their parallels in explanation of authoritarianism, instability, and violent conflicts as determined by natural resources and environmental factors, these approaches are rarely linked. Examining the ongoing ecological crises in Iran, I demonstrate that the omission of the state, which is a key component of both frameworks, makes them mutually incompatible and analytically insufficient. I further argue that bringing the state back into analysis requires attention to the violent process of imposing a particular environmental imaginary; an ecological oppression that empowers the state and the hegemonic vision of society as a totality at the expense of disempowering peoples and localities.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords: Iran, Environmental Justice, Rentier State, Climate Security, Political Ecology
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Relations
Research Centres and Groups: Centre for Global Political Economy
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > GE195 Environmentalism. Green movement
J Political Science > JA Political science (General) > JA0071 Theory. Relation to other subjects > JA0075.8 Relation to ecology. Political ecology
Depositing User: Maziar Najdi Samiee
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2021 11:19
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2022 14:35
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/103191

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