Association of gender-related tumor recurrence with a polymorphic variant of LMTK3 in stage II and III colon cancer

Zhang, Wu, Gerger, Armin, Labonte, Melissa Janae, Yang, Dongyun, Bohanes, Pierre Oliver, Ning, Yan, Winder, Thomas, Wilson, Peter M D, Benhaim, Leonor, El-Khoueiry, Rita, El-Khoueiry, Anthony B, Iqbal, Syma, Giamas, Georgios, Stebbing, Justin and Lenz, Heinz-Josef (2012) Association of gender-related tumor recurrence with a polymorphic variant of LMTK3 in stage II and III colon cancer. Published in: Journal of Clinical Oncology. 30 (4) 454-454. American Society of Clinical Oncology ISSN 0732-183X

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Background: Recent evidence suggests that Lemur Tyrosine Kinase 3 (LMTK3) activates estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) transcriptional activity in breast cancer. The mutant variants of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LMTK3 (rs8108419 and rs9989661) were independently associated with reduced time to tumor recurrence (TTR), suggesting these SNPs were functionally significant. In colon cancer (CC), ERβ expression has been shown to be predominant with low levels of ERα also expressed. ERα stimulates cell proliferation, while ERβ negatively regulates the estrogen-dependent activity of ERα. Based on these previous findings, we hypothesized that LMTK3 rs808419 and rs9989661 may predict TTR in stage II and III CC.

Methods: Either blood or FFPE tissue specimens were obtained from 234 patients (107 females and 127 males; median age 59 yrs (range 22–78 yrs)) with stage II (105 pts) or III (129 pts) CC at the University of Southern California. The median follow-up was 4.4 years. LMTK3 rs8108419 and rs9989661 were determined by PCR-RFLP. The primary endpoint of the study was TTR. This study was conducted adhering to the reporting recommendations for tumor marker prognostic studies (REMARK).

Results: The minor allele of LMTK3 rs9989661 (C; frequency=30.5%) showed significantly longer median TTR (5.9 vs 12.2+ yrs; HR: 0.41, 95%CI: 0.15-1.18, log-rank p=0.086; univariate analysis) in female CC patients. After Cox proportional hazards model adjustment for stage and type of adjuvant chemotherapy, this result remained significant (HR: 0.25, 95%CI: 0.077-0.778, Wald test p=0.017). No significant association was found between TTR and LMTK3 rs9989661 in men and rs8108419 in both genders.

Conclusions: This is the first report demonstrating LMTK3 rs9989661 associations with gender-related TTR in CC. We hypothesize that there is an ERα-dependent loop mechanism with higher estrogen levels in females exerting the effect on ERβ. Larger prospective trials are warranted to confirm these findings, and in vitro and in vivo studies are needed to identify the underlying biological mechanism.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2021 10:15
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2021 10:15
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