Identifying double energy vulnerability: a systematic and narrative review of groups at-risk of energy and transport poverty in the global north

Simcock, Neil, Jenkins, Kirsten E-H, Lacey-Barnacle, Max, Martiskainen, Mari, Mattioli, Giulio and Hopkins, Debbie (2021) Identifying double energy vulnerability: a systematic and narrative review of groups at-risk of energy and transport poverty in the global north. Energy Research and Social Science, 82. a102351 1-16. ISSN 2214-6296

[img] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB)


The concept of ‘double energy vulnerability’ describes a circumstance whereby people are at heightened risk of energy poverty and transport poverty simultaneously – a particularly severe form of energy injustice. However, analysis of which people and places are most likely to experience this phenomenon remains limited. This paper begins to address this lacuna via a review of academic literature, aiming to pinpoint the overlapping socio-demographic and spatial factors that can increase vulnerability to both energy and transport poverty and thereby identify those most at-risk of experiencing double energy vulnerability. A systematic review of an extensive 5-year sample period is complemented by a narrative review of key papers. Combined, this encompasses a state-of-the-art analysis of 250 papers across 8 different academic databases. We find several overlaps in the socio-demographic groups rendered most vulnerable to energy and transport poverty, including people on low-incomes, older people, households with children or dependents, people with pre-existing health conditions or disabilities, women, and people from ethnic minorities. Spatially, however, there are more differences and contextual variations between the two problems, with inner-urban areas generally posing greater risks for energy poverty and suburban areas for transport poverty. Rural areas appear to be the spatial settings that have the greatest overlap in vulnerability. Overall, our results indicate that the highest level of double energy vulnerability is among households that face a combination of multiple socio-demographic disadvantages alongside relative spatial peripheralisation. We signal future research directions and policy implications arising from these findings.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Energy vulnerability, fuel poverty, energy poverty, transport poverty, systematic review, narrative review
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2021 09:26
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2023 09:03

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update
Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Fuel and transport poverty in the UK’s energy transitionG2897EPSRC-ENGINEERING & PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH COUNCILOU/LSO/0253