Extreme downsizing of spin crossover nanoparticles towards stable colloids in water: a detailed nano-topographic study

Polyzou, Christina D, Malina, Ondrej, Polaskova, Michaela, Tripathi, Manoj, Dalton, Alan B, Parthenios, Ioannis and Tangoulis, Vassilis (2021) Extreme downsizing of spin crossover nanoparticles towards stable colloids in water: a detailed nano-topographic study. Journal of Materials Chemistry C Materials for optical and electronic devices. ISSN 2050-7526

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The investigation and elaboration of the Spin-Crossover (SCO) phenomenon in Two – Dimensional (2D) Hofmann-type nanosized SCO materials and the size-reduction effect on cooperativity and thermodynamic properties of the nanoparticle are still in progress. Liquid Phase Exfoliation (LPE) as a top-down experimental protocol for the fabrication of 2D SCO atomically thin nanosheets is also an underexplored area of research. Given the increasing scientific interest for 2D nanosheets and their unique thickness-dependent electronic properties the above-mentioned study is of outmost importance. In this context, we present a detailed nano-synthetic study based on the reverse-micellar synthesis of [FeII(2-mpz)2Ni(CN)4] and a further rationalization of this method followed by LPE experimental protocols in order to synthesize nanoparticles with well-controlled size and shape. The role of concentration and reaction’s temperature is investigated in relation to the size, dispersion, morphology and magnetic properties of the nanoparticles. It was found that for specific values of these parameters the synthesis of nanoparticles is controlled and the final products are nanoparticles with an agglomerated architecture. According to an extensive Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) Nano-topographic study, this agglomeration is best described as right truncated thick prisms of [FeII(2-mpz)2Ni(CN)4] stacked in a vertical position on a rectangular base plate. During the LPE procedure and by prolonging the sonication period the thick prisms are detached and, eventually, exfoliated to atomically thin right prism of height ~1 nm. Magnetic measurements revealed that the size reduction leads to the progressive downshift of abrupt thermal hysteresis with two-step SCO transition temperatures of the bulk [FeII(2-mpz)2Ni(CN)4] material to a gradual incomplete SCO behavior of an almost single layer 2D [FeII(2-mpz)2Ni(CN)4] nanosheet.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2021 08:38
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 08:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/102452

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