Color discrimination in anomalous trichromacy: experiment and theory

Boehm, Alexandra E, Bosten, Jenny and MacLeod, Donald I A (2021) Color discrimination in anomalous trichromacy: experiment and theory. Vision Research, 188. pp. 85-95. ISSN 0042-6989

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Abstract

In anomalous trichromacy, the color signals available from comparing the activities of the two classes of cone sensitive in the medium and long wavelength parts of the spectrum are much reduced from those available in normal trichromacy, and color discrimination thresholds along the red-green axis are correspondingly elevated. Yet there is evidence that suprathreshold color perception is relatively preserved; this has led to the suggestion that anomalous trichromats post-receptorally amplify their impoverished red-green signals. To test this idea, we measured chromatic discrimination from white and from saturated red and green pedestals. If there is no post-receptoral compensation, the anomalous trichromat's loss of chromatic contrast will apply equally to the pedestal and to the test color. Coupled with a compressively nonlinear neural representation of saturation, this means that a given pedestal contrast will cause a smaller than normal modulation of discrimination sensitivity. We examined cases where chromatic pedestals impair the color discrimination of normal trichromatic observers. As predicted, anomalous observers experienced less impairment than normal trichromats, though they remained less sensitive than normal trichromats. Although the effectiveness of chromatic pedestals in impairing color discrimination was less for anomalous than for normal trichromats, the chromatic pedestals were more effective for anomalous observers than would be expected if the anomalous post-receptoral visual system were the same as in normal trichromacy; the hypothesis of zero compensation can be rejected. This might suggest that the effective contrast of the pedestal is post-receptorally amplified. But on closer analysis, the results do not support candidate simple models involving post-receptoral compensation either.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anomalous trichromacy, Chromatic contrast, Color discrimination, Color vision, Color vision deficiency, Deuteranomaly, Post-receptoral compensation, Protanomaly
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2021 09:52
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 10:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/102437

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