Assessing rabies vaccine protection against a novel lyssavirus, kotalahti bat lyssavirus

Shipley, Rebecca, Wright, Edward, Lean, Fabian Z X, Selden, David, Horton, Daniel L, Fooks, Anthony R and Banyard, Ashley C (2021) Assessing rabies vaccine protection against a novel lyssavirus, kotalahti bat lyssavirus. Viruses, 13 (5). a947 1-21. ISSN 1999-4915

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Abstract

Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by an important group of viruses within the Lyssavirus genus. The prototype virus, rabies virus, is still the most commonly reported lyssavirus and causes approximately 59,000 human fatalities annually. The human and animal burden of the other lyssavirus species is undefined. The original reports for the novel lyssavirus, Kotalahti bat lyssavirus (KBLV), were based on the detection of viral RNA alone. In this report we describe the successful generation of a live recombinant virus, cSN-KBLV; where the full-length genome clone of RABV vaccine strain, SAD-B19, was constructed with the glycoprotein of KBLV. Subsequent in vitro characterisation of cSN-KBLV is described here. In addition, the ability of a human rabies vaccine to confer protective immunity in vivo following challenge with this recombinant virus was assessed. Naïve or vaccinated mice were infected intracerebrally with a dose of 100 focus-forming units/30 µL of cSN-KBLV; all naïve mice and 8% (n = 1/12) of the vaccinated mice succumbed to the challenge, whilst 92% (n = 11/12) of the vaccinated mice survived to the end of the experiment. This report provides strong evidence for cross-neutralisation and cross-protection of cSN-KBLV using purified Vero cell rabies vaccine.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: KBLV, Kotalahti bat lyssavirus, bats, emerging, lyssavirus, neutralisation, novel, rabies, vaccine protection, zoonoses
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2021 10:52
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2021 10:52
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/101213

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