Reproductive experiences and outcomes among a representative sample of women: the second Australian study of health and relationships

Richters, Juliet, Carter, Allison, Caruana, Theresa, Bateson, Deborah, De Visser, Richard de, Rissel, Chris, Yeung, Anna, Guy, Rebecca and McGeechan, Kevin (2021) Reproductive experiences and outcomes among a representative sample of women: the second Australian study of health and relationships. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1326-0200

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Download (349kB)
[img] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial No Derivatives.

Download (90kB)

Abstract

Objective: To enumerate pregnancy outcomes for a representative sample of women in Australia surveyed in 2012–2013 (primary aim) and compare these with women surveyed in 2001–2002 (secondary aim).

Methods: Computer-assisted telephone interviews with over 10,000 women aged 16–69 years (participation rate 68.4%). Results are weighted for chance of selection and to reflect the population as a whole.

Results: Of women with experience of vaginal intercourse, 75.1% had ever been pregnant, 18.4% reported difficulties getting pregnant and 10.0% had had fertility treatment. Of those who had been pregnant, 91.3% had ever had a live birth, 34.3% a miscarriage, 22.8% an abortion and 2.3% a stillbirth; 0.9% had relinquished a child for adoption. The proportion first pregnant in their 30s was 11% among women aged 60–69 and 26% among those aged 40–49. Fewer older women reported difficulties getting pregnant. Of the 21,882 pregnancies reported, 70% led to live births and 10% were terminated. Compared with our 2001–2002 survey, fewer women reported ever having been pregnant. Giving up newborns for adoption has become very rare.

Conclusions: Falling fertility since the 1960s reflects greater access to contraception and abortion and higher opportunity costs of childbearing.

Implications for public health: These findings on women's lifetime reproductive experiences complement routine annual data collections.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2021 07:13
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2021 11:15
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/101169

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update