Alderton, G. K., Galbiati, L., Griffith, E., Surinya, K. H., Neitzel, H., Jackson, A. P., Jeggo, P. A. and O'Driscoll, M. (2006) Regulation of mitotic entry by microcephalin and its overlap with ATR signalling. Nature Cell Biology. pp. 725-733. ISSN 1465-7392Full text not available from this repository.
Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated and Rad3 related (ATR)-Seckel syndrome and autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) syndrome share clinical features. RNA interference (RNAi) of MCPH1 have implicated the protein it encodes as a DNA-damage response protein that regulates the transcription of Chk1 and BRCA1, two genes involved in the response to DNA damage. Here, we report that truncating mutations observed in MCPH-syndrome patients do not impact on Chk1 or BRCA1 expression or early ATR-dependent damage-induced phosphorylation events. However, like ATR-Seckel syndrome cells, MCPH1-mutant cell lines show defective G2-M checkpoint arrest and nuclear fragmentation after DNA damage, and contain supernumerary mitotic centrosomes. MCPH1-mutant and ATR-Seckel cells also show impaired degradation of Cdc25A and fail to inhibit Cdc45 loading onto chromatin after replication arrest. Additionally, microcephalin interacts with Chk1. We conclude that MCPH1 has a function downstream of Chk1 in the ATR-signalling pathway. In contrast with ATR-Seckel syndrome cells, MCPH1-mutant cells have low levels of Tyr 15-phosphorylated Cdk1 (pY15-Cdk1) in S and G2 phases, which correlates with an elevated frequency of G2-like cells displaying premature chromosome condensation (PCC). Thus, MCPH1 also has an ATR-independent role in maintaining inhibitory Cdk1 phosphorylation, which prevents premature entry into mitosis.
|Depositing User:||Gee Wheatley|
|Date Deposited:||16 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||30 Nov 2012 16:51|
|Google Scholar:||77 Citations|