‘Resolved to fight the ideology of genocide and all of its manifestations’: the Rwandan Patriotic Front, violence and ethnic marginalisation in post-genocide Rwanda and Eastern Congo

Begley, Larissa R (2011) ‘Resolved to fight the ideology of genocide and all of its manifestations’: the Rwandan Patriotic Front, violence and ethnic marginalisation in post-genocide Rwanda and Eastern Congo. Doctoral thesis (DPhil), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

Using ethnographic data and James Scott’s (1990) concepts of public and hidden
transcripts, this thesis examines fow the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) government's public transcript has been institutionalised through the use of 'genocide ideology' laws. It is concerned with understanding how the RPF’s use of ‘genocide ideology’ is a
mechanism to facilitate a continuum of violence, which I argue has led to ‘ethnic’
marginalisation. ‘Genocide ideology’ is a legally abstract term that refers to discourses that
contest – consciously or unconsciously - the government narrative regarding the 1994
genocide. As focusing strictly om the public transcript does not tell the whole storry about power relations between the RPF government and Hutu, it also explores hidden transcript. This is necessary as the Rwandan government employs the category of
‘genocide ideology’ to silence dissent and to justify arbitrary arrest. For example, since
taking power, the RPF government has strived to eliminate the Hutu/Tutsi identities,
replacing the divisive identities with ‘Rwandan.’ Those who use Hutu/Tutsi identities
outside the context of the genocide are considered génocidaire sympathisers and legally
guilty of ‘genocide ideology’. I argue that within the public RPF transcript on the genocide,
the victim/perpetrator dichotomy has become intertwined with Tutsi/Hutu identities,
creating a hierarchy of victimhood. I concluded by arguing that the violence, fear and
marginalisation experienced by participants through the government’s use of the public
transcript in conjunction with ‘genocide ideology’ laws is causing resentment, which could
lead to further conflict.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > Anthropology
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DT History of Africa > DT0365 Eastern Africa > DT0450 Rwanda. Ruanda-Urundi
D History General and Old World > DT History of Africa > DT0470 West Africa. West Coast > DT0641 Zaire. Congo (Democratic Republic). Belgian Congo
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2011 15:23
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2015 12:57
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7431

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