Probing star formation and ISM properties using galaxy disk inclination I: Evolution in disk opacity since z~0.7

Leslie, S K, Sargent, M T, Schinnerer, E, Groves, B, van der Wel, A, Zamorani, G, Fudamoto, Y, Lang, P and Smolčić, V (2017) Probing star formation and ISM properties using galaxy disk inclination I: Evolution in disk opacity since z~0.7. Astronomy and Astrophysics. ISSN 0004-6361 (Accepted)

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Disk galaxies at intermediate redshift ($z\sim0.7$) have been found in previous work to display more optically thick behaviour than their local counterparts in the rest-frame B-band surface brightness, suggesting an evolution in dust properties over the past $\sim$6 Gyr. We compare the measured luminosities of face-on and edge-on star-forming galaxies at different wavelengths (Ultraviolet (UV), mid-infrared (MIR), far-infrared (FIR), and radio) for two well-matched samples of disk-dominated galaxies: a local Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS)-selected sample at $z\sim0.07$ and a sample of disks at $z\sim0.7$ drawn from Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS). We have derived correction factors to account for the inclination dependence of the parameters used for sample selection. We find that typical galaxies are transparent at MIR wavelengths at both redshifts and that the FIR and radio emission is also transparent as expected. However, reduced sensitivity at these wavelengths limits our analysis; we cannot rule out opacity in the FIR or radio. Ultra-violet attenuation has increased between $z\sim0$ and $z\sim0.7$, with the $z\sim0.7$ sample being a factor of $\sim$3.4 more attenuated. The larger UV attenuation at $z\sim0.7$ can be explained by more clumpy dust around nascent star-forming regions. There is good agreement between the fitted evolution of the normalisation of the SFR$_{\text{UV}}$ versus 1-cos(i) trend (interpreted as the clumpiness fraction) and the molecular gas fraction/dust fraction evolution of galaxies found out to $z<1$.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Research Centres and Groups: Astronomy Centre
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Depositing User: Mark Sargent
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2018 11:17
Last Modified: 23 May 2018 15:59

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
10 billion years of galaxy evolution: establishing the links between star-formation and cold gas reservoirsG1946ROYAL SOCIETYLT150041