The relevance of professionals’ attachment style, expectations and job attitudes for therapeutic relationships with young people who experience psychosis

Berry, Clio and Greenwood, Kathryn (2016) The relevance of professionals’ attachment style, expectations and job attitudes for therapeutic relationships with young people who experience psychosis. European Psychiatry, 34. pp. 1-8. ISSN 0924-9338

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Abstract

Background: Therapeutic relationships are a central component of community treatment for psychosis and thought to influence clinical and social outcomes, yet there is limited research regarding the potential influence of professional characteristics on positive therapeutic relationships in community care. It was hypothesised that professionals’ relating style and attitudes toward their work might be important, and thus this exploratory study modelled associations between these characteristics and therapeutic relationships developed in community psychosis treatment.

Methods: Dyads of professionals and young patients with psychosis rated their therapeutic relationships with each other. Professionals also completed measures of attachment style, therapeutic optimism, outcome expectancy, and job attitudes regarding working with psychosis.

Results: Professionals’ anxious attachment predicted less positive professional therapeutic relationship ratings. In exploratory directed path analysis, data also supported indirect effects, whereby anxious professional attachment predicts less positive therapeutic relationships through reduced professional therapeutic optimism and less positive job attitudes.

Conclusions: Professional anxious attachment style is directly associated with the therapeutic relationship in psychosis, and indirectly associated through therapeutic optimism and job attitudes. Thus, intervening in professional characteristics could offer an opportunity to limit the impact of insecure attachment on therapeutic relationships in psychosis.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Research Centres and Groups: Developmental and Clinical Psychology Research Group
Depositing User: Clio Berry
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2018 10:33
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2018 10:33
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/73616

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