Gambian women, violence and its intersection with HIV/AIDS: agency through feminist participatory research

Campbell Nee Kallay, Agnes Adama (2017) Gambian women, violence and its intersection with HIV/AIDS: agency through feminist participatory research. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (3MB)

Abstract

Research has identified a strong correlation between HIV/AIDS and gender-based violence, yet few studies centre the experiential knowledge of HIV sero-positive women and practitioners. This thesis, based on fieldwork conducted in the Gambia, is grounded in data on HIV positive women’s experiences of violence and practices of resistance, revealing context specific complexities and challenges. Data collection methods included diaries, focus groups and in-depth individual interviews with a participant group of sixty sero-positive women in six Gambian HIV Support Societies, and twenty field practitioners working in the areas of violence and HIV/AIDS.
I argue in this thesis that there are intersecting underlying factors (patriarchy, gerontocracy and structural violence) that contribute to women’s experiences of violence and abuse that render them vulnerable to HIV. In addition, that alongside the more visible gendered violences which intersect with HIV/AIDS. Accounts of women living with HIV revealed that stigma is discreditable and discredited attributes. It contends that stigma should be seen as an ‘everyday’ practice of normalised violence, which has very harmful emotional, psychological, economic and physical effects. The research also suggests that violence against women in the context of HIV is not limited solely to male perpetrators. In the Gambia there has been limited success in the translation of women’s rights agendas into concrete and effective interventions, partly due to a lack of attention to socio-cultural context and the lived experiences of HIV positive women.
The thesis concludes that culturally specific, integrated health and social justice approaches are necessary, which are grounded in women’s everyday practices of agency and resistance, and which in particular address the fear of dethronement (loss of power, privileges and prestige) amongst men and older members of society.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Sociology
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DT History of Africa > DT0470 West Africa. West Coast > DT0491 British West Africa > DT0509 Gambia
H Social Sciences > HQ The Family. Marriage. Women > HQ1101 Women. Feminism
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0643 Communicable diseases and public health > RA0644 Individual diseases or groups of diseases, A-Z > RA0644.A25 AIDS. HIV infections
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2018 15:45
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 15:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/72710

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update