The computational analysis of post-translational modifications

Damerell, David Robert (2011) The computational analysis of post-translational modifications. Doctoral thesis (DPhil), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

The post-translational modification (PTMs) of proteins presents a means to increase the proteome size and diversity of an organism through the inclusion of structural elements not encoded at the sequence-level alone. Their erroneous inclusion or exclusion has been linked to a variety of diseases and disorders thus their characterisation has the potential to present viable drug targets. The proliferation of newer high-throughput methods, such as mass spectrometry, to identify such modifications has led to a rapid increase in the number of databases and tools to display and analyse such vast amounts of data effectively. This study covers the development of one such tool; PTM Browser, and the construction of the underlying database that it is based upon. This new database was initially seeded with annotations from the Swiss-Prot and Phospho.ELM resources. The initial database of PTMs was then expanded to include a large repertoire of previously unannotated proteins for a selection of topical species (e.g. Danio rerio and Tetraodon nigroviridis). Orthologue assignments have also been added to the database – to allow for queries to be performed regarding the conservation of modifications between homologous proteins. The PTM Browser tool allows for a full exploration of this new database of PTMs – with a special focus on allowing users to identify modifications that are both shared between and are specific to particular species. This tool is freely available for non-commercial use at the following URL: http://www.ptmbrowser.org. An analysis is presented on the conservation of modifications between members of the tumour suppressor family, p53, using this new tool. This tool has also been used to analysis the conservation of modifications between super-kingdoms and Eukaryote species.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD0241 Organic chemistry > QD0415 Biochemistry
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2011 11:47
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2015 14:08
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7260

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