Buoyancy-induced flow and heat transfer in compressor rotors

Tang, H, Puttock-Brown, M R and Owen, J M (2018) Buoyancy-induced flow and heat transfer in compressor rotors. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 140 (7). 071902 1-10. ISSN 0742-4795

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Abstract

The buoyancy-induced flow and heat transfer inside the compressor rotors of gas-turbine engines affects the stresses and radial growth of the compressor disks, and it also causes a temperature rise in the axial throughflow of cooling air through the center of the disks. In turn, the radial growth of the disks affects the radial clearance between the rotating compressor blades and the surrounding stationary casing. The calculation of this clearance is extremely important, particularly in aeroengines where the increase in pressure ratios results in a decrease in the size of the blades. In this paper, a published theoretical model—based on buoyancy-induced laminar Ekman-layer flow on the rotating disks—is extended to include laminar free convection from the compressor shroud and forced convection between the bore of the disks and the axial throughflow. The predicted heat transfer from these three surfaces is then used to calculate the temperature rise of the throughflow. The predicted temperatures and Nusselt numbers are compared with measurements made in a multicavity compressor rig, and mainly good agreement is achieved for a range of Rossby, Reynolds, and Grashof numbers representative of those found in aeroengine compressors. Owing to compressibility effects in the fluid core between the disks—and as previously predicted—increasing rotational speed can result in an increase in the core temperature and a consequent decrease in the Nusselt numbers from the disks and shroud.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Research Centres and Groups: Thermo-Fluid Mechanics Research Centre
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ0163.13 Power resources
Depositing User: Mark Puttock
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2018 13:05
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2018 14:24
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/72554

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