Hepatic entropy and uniformity: additional parameters that can potentially increase the effectiveness of contrast enhancement during abdominal CT

Ganeshan, B, Miles, K A, Young, R C D and Chatwin, C R (2007) Hepatic entropy and uniformity: additional parameters that can potentially increase the effectiveness of contrast enhancement during abdominal CT. Clinical Radiology, 62 (8). pp. 761-768. ISSN 0009-9260

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Abstract

AIM: To determine how hepatic entropy and uniformity of computed tomography (CT) images of the liver change after the administration of contrast material and to assess whether these additional parameters are more sensitive to tumour-related changes in the liver than measurements of hepatic attenuation or perfusion.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hepatic attenuation, entropy, uniformity, and perfusion were measured using multiphase CT following resection of colorectal cancer. Based on conventional CT and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography, 12 patients were classified as having no evidence of malignancy, eight with extra-hepatic tumours; only, and eight with metastatic liver disease.

RESULTS: Hepatic attenuation and entropy increased after CM administration whereas uniformity decreased. Unlike hepatic attenuation, entropy and uniformity changed maximally in the arterial phase. No significant differences in hepatic perfusion or attenuation were found between patient groups, whereas arterial-phase entropy was tower (p = 0.034) and arterial-phase uniformity was higher (p = 0.034) in apparently disease-free areas of liver in patients with hepatic metastases compared with those with no metastases.

CONCLUSION: Temporal changes in hepatic entropy and uniformity differ from those for hepatic attenuation. By reflecting the distribution of hepatic enhancement, these additional parameters are more sensitive to tumour-retated changes in the liver than measurements of hepatic attenuation or perfusion.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R895 Medical physics. Medical radiology. Nuclear medicine
Depositing User: Grecia GarciaGarcia
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2011 10:27
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 07:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7180
Google Scholar:11 Citations

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