Video big data: an agile architecture for systematic exploration and analytics

Ajiboye, Soladoye Oyebowale (2017) Video big data: an agile architecture for systematic exploration and analytics. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

Video is currently at the forefront of most business and natural environments. In surveillance, it is the most important technology as surveillance systems reveal information and patterns for solving many security problems including crime prevention. This research investigates technologies that currently drive video surveillance systems with a view to optimization and automated decision support.
The investigation reveals some features and properties that can be optimised to improve performance and derive further benefits from surveillance systems. These aspects include system-wide architecture, meta-data generation, meta-data persistence, object identification, object tagging, object tracking, search and querying sub-systems. The current less-than-optimum performance is attributable to many factors, which include massive volume, variety, and velocity (the speed at which streaming video transmit to storage) of video data in surveillance systems.
Research contributions are 2-fold. First, we propose a system-wide architecture for designing and implementing surveillance systems, based on the authors’ system architecture for generating meta-data. Secondly, we design a simulation model of a multi-view surveillance system from which the researchers generate simulated video streams in large volumes. From each video sequence in the model, the authors extract meta-data and apply a novel algorithm for predicting the location of identifiable objects across a well-connected camera cluster.
This research provide evidence that independent surveillance systems (for example, security cameras) can be unified across a geographical location such as a smart city, where each network is administratively owned and managed independently. Our investigation involved 2 experiments - first, the implementation of a web-based solution where we developed a directory service for managing, cataloguing, and persisting metadata generated by the surveillance networks. The second experiment focused on the set up, configuration and the architecture of the surveillance system. These experiments involved the investigation and demonstration of 3 loosely coupled service-oriented APIs – these services provided the capability to generate the query-able metadata.
The results of our investigations provided answers to our research questions - the main question being “to what degree of accuracy can we predict the location of an object in a connected surveillance network”. Our experiment also provided evidence in support of our hypothesis – “it is feasible to ‘explore’ unified surveillance data generated from independent surveillance networks”.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA0076 Computer software
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK6680.5 Digital video. General works
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2017 15:44
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 15:44
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/71047

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