In search of a pan-European culture: European values, beliefs and models of selfhood in global perspective

Vignoles, Vivian, Smith, Peter, Becker, Maja and Easterbrook, Matthew (2017) In search of a pan-European culture: European values, beliefs and models of selfhood in global perspective. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. ISSN 0022-0221 (Accepted)

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Abstract

What, if any, are the common cultural characteristics that distinguish European societies and groups when viewed against a backdrop of global cultural variation? We sought to identify any shared features of European cultures through secondary multilevel analyses of two large datasets that together provided measures of cultural values, beliefs and models of selfhood from samples in all inhabited continents. Although heterogeneous in many respects—including the value dimension of autonomy versus embeddedness—European samples shared two distinctive features: a decontextualized representation of personhood and a cultural model of selfhood emphasizing difference from others. Compared to samples from other regions, European samples on average also emphasized egalitarianism and harmony values, commitment to others in their models of selfhood, and an immutable concept of personhood, but not uniformly so. We interpret these findings in relation to a Durkheimian model of individualism.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Ellena Adams
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 11:14
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2017 11:14
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/70436

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