Neuropathologic and biochemical changes during disease progression in liver X receptor beta-/- mice, a model of adult neuron disease.

Bigini, Paolo, Steffensen, Knut R, Ferrario, Anna, Diomede, Luisa, Ferrara, Giovanni, Barbera, Sara, Salzano, Sonia, Fumagalli, Elena, Ghezzi, Pietro, Mennini, Tiziana and Gustafsson, Jan-Ake (2010) Neuropathologic and biochemical changes during disease progression in liver X receptor beta-/- mice, a model of adult neuron disease. Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology, 69 (6). pp. 593-605. ISSN 0022-3069

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Abstract

In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), there is selective degeneration of motor neurons that leads to paralysis and death. Although the etiology of ALS is unclear, its heterogeneity suggests that a combination of factors (endogenous and/or environmental) may induce progressive motor neuron stress that results in the activation of different cell death pathways. Alterations of brain cholesterol homeostasis have recently been considered as possible cofactors in many neurodegenerative disorders, including ALS. The liver X receptor beta (LXRbeta) receptor is involved in lipogenesis and cholesterol metabolism, and we previously found that adult-onset motor neuron pathology occurs in LXRbeta mice. Here, we investigated neuromuscular alterations of LXRbeta mice from ages 3 to 24 months. Increased cholesterol levels, gliosis, and inflammation preceded motor neuron loss and clinical disease onset; the mice showed progressivemotor neuron deficits starting from age 7 months. The numbers ofmotor neurons and neuromuscular junctions were decreased in 24-month-old mice, but neither paralysis nor reduced life span was observed. Moreover, other spinal neurons were also lost in these mice. These results suggest that LXRbeta may inhibit neuroinflammation and maintain cholesterol homeostasis, and that LXRbeta mice represent a potential model for investigating the role of cholesterol in ALS and other neurodegenerative disorders.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology > RB151 Theories of disease. Etiology. Pathogenesis
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Depositing User: Pietro Ghezzi
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2011 09:49
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 16:55
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/7031
Google Scholar:2 Citations
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