Functional and structural characterization of the integrase from the prototype foamy virus

Valkov, E, Gupta, S S, Hare, Stephen, Helander, A, Roversi, P, Mcclure, M and Cherepanov, P (2008) Functional and structural characterization of the integrase from the prototype foamy virus. Nucleic Acids Research, 37 (1). pp. 243-255. ISSN 0305-1048

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Abstract

Establishment of the stable provirus is an essential step in retroviral replication, orchestrated by integrase (IN), a virus-derived enzyme. Until now, available structural information was limited to the INs of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), avian sarcoma virus (ASV) and their close orthologs from the Lentivirus and Alpharetrovirus genera. Here, we characterized the in vitro activity of the prototype foamy virus (PFV) IN from the Spumavirus genus and determined the three-dimensional structure of its catalytic core domain (CCD). Recombinant PFV IN displayed robust and almost exclusively concerted integration activity in vitro utilizing donor DNA substrates as short as 16 bp, underscoring its significance as a model for detailed structural studies. Comparison of the HIV-1, ASV and PFV CCD structures highlighted both conserved as well as unique structural features such as organization of the active site and the putative host factor binding face. Despite possessing very limited sequence identity to its HIV counterpart, PFV IN was sensitive to HIV IN strand transfer inhibitors, suggesting that this class of inhibitors target the most conserved features of retroviral IN-DNA complexes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 89
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Stephen Hare
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 14:29
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 14:29
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/70291

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