Material meanings: ‘waste’ as a performative category of land in colonial India

de Hoop, Evelien and Arora, Saurabh (2016) Material meanings: ‘waste’ as a performative category of land in colonial India. Journal of Historical Geography, 55. pp. 82-92. ISSN 0305-7488

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Abstract

Nearly seven decades after ‘decolonization’, policymaking in India continues to be haunted by colonial categories. Focusing on the category ‘wastelands’, which has been central to recent debates on India's biofuel policies, we study how it was heterogeneously constituted during the Permanent Settlement of land revenue in late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century colonial India. In particular, we trace how this category took on multiple meanings through its encounters with different human and nonhuman entities in disparate spatio-temporal settings. The entities encountered included not only ideas and moralities derived from theoretical notions such as Locke's ‘natural rights’, but also the soil and water on diverse lands, and the beings living or made to live on these lands. The multiple meanings of the category led to debates and controversies between colonial administrators regarding the ways in which the Permanent Settlement should be introduced and extended. By mapping these debates and controversies, we attempt to accomplish two things. First, we construct a narrative in which dominant colonial categories and associated rules do not possess unidirectional power to reformat colonized realities and practices. Second, we attempt to account for and recognize realities and practices that were marginalized or disregarded in the formulation of colonial administrative rules. Narratives such as ours, we hope, can help proliferate possibilities for enacting new decolonial and decolonizing practices of making, using and transforming meanings.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: colonial history, India, performativity, categories, waste, land, ecology
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Research Centres and Groups: Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability Centre
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS History of Asia > DS401 India (Bharat)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform > HN50 By region or country > HN980 Developing countries
Depositing User: Saurabh Arora
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2017 14:26
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 08:06
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/70201

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