Fear processing is differentially affected by lateralized stimulation of carotid baroreceptors

Makovac, Elena, Garfinkel, Sarah, Bassi, Andrea, Basile, Barbara, Macaluso, Emiliano, Cercignani, Mara, Calcagnini, Giovanni, Mattei, Eugenio, Agalliu, Daniela, Cortelli, Pietro, Caltagirone, Carlo, Critchley, Hugo and Bozzali, Marco (2017) Fear processing is differentially affected by lateralized stimulation of carotid baroreceptors. Cortex. ISSN 0010-9452

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Abstract

Information processing, particularly of salient emotional stimuli, is influenced by cardiovascular afferent signals. Carotid baroreceptors signal the state of cardiovascular arousal to the brain, controlling blood pressure and heart rate via the baroreflex. Animal studies suggest a lateralization of this effect: Experimental stimulation of the right carotid sinus has a greater impact on heart rate when compared to left-sided stimulation. We tested, in humans, whether the processing of emotional information from faces was differentially affected by right versus left carotid afferents. To achieve so, we used an automated neck suction device to stimulate the carotid mechanoreceptors in the carotid sinus (parasympathetic pathway) synchronously with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) acquisition whilst participants were engaged in an emotional rating task of fearful and neutral faces. We showed that both right and left carotid stimulation influenced brain activity within opercular regions, although a stronger activation was observed within left insula during right stimulation compared to left stimulation. As regards the processing of fearful faces, right, but not left carotid stimulation attenuated the perceived intensity of fear, and (albeit to a lesser extent) enhanced intensity ratings of neutral faces. Mirroring the behavioural effects, there was a significant expression-by-stimulation interaction for right carotid stimulation only, when bilateral amygdala responses were attenuated to fear faces and amplified to neutral faces. Individual differences in basal heart rate variability (HRV) predicted the extent to which right carotid stimulation attenuated amygdala responses during fear processing. Our study provides unique evidence for lateralized viscerosensory effects on brain systems supporting emotional processing.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: autonomic, baroreceptor, carotid stimulation, emotion, fear, visceral, neuroimaging
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Neuroscience
Research Centres and Groups: Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science
Depositing User: Alexei Fisk
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2017 12:48
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2017 19:44
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/69232

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
The Sackler Centre DonationG0318SACKLER-DR MORTIMER AND THERESA SACKLER FOUNDATIONUnset
Cardiac control of fear in brainG1120EUROPEAN UNION324150 CCFIB